JUDGMENT OF THE COURT
1. The three appeals before us stem from one decision of the High Court of Kenya at Kitale (J. R. Karanja, J.) contained in a ruling delivered on 5th March, 2013 by which that court rejected the appellants’ applications to dismiss or strike out a judicial review application by the 16th to 18th respondents. By consent of all the parties, the three appeals were consolidated by an order of the Court given at the commencement of the hearing of the appeals on 26th April, 2016. It was further agreed that the consolidated appeals would be conducted under Civil Appeal No. 376 of 2014 as the lead file.
2. The three appeals raise one common principal question, namely, whether the doctrine of res judicata applies to judicial review proceedings.
3. Interstate Petroleum Company Limited (named as the 16th respondent and as the 1st subject in Civil Appeal No. 376 of 2014; as the 20th respondent in Civil Appeal No. 45 of 2015; and as the 14th respondent in Civil Appeal No…